得到
  • 汉语词
  • 汉语典q
当前位置 :
关于独立宣言UnitedStatesDeclarationofIndependence的英文论文我要写一篇关于UnitedStatesDeclarationofIndependence的英文论文可以提供点资料吗?
1人问答
问题描述:

关于独立宣言UnitedStatesDeclarationofIndependence的英文论文

我要写一篇关于UnitedStatesDeclarationofIndependence的英文论文可以提供点资料吗?

刘洋志回答:
  TheTheDeclarationofIndependence,completedandsignedinJulyof1776,markedtheofficialseparationbetweenthe13coloniesandGreatBritain.AnarmedstrugglebetweenthecoloniesandBritainhadbegunjustoverayearbefore,withtheBattlesofLexingtonandConcord.TheformaldeclarationofindependenceestablishedthenewAmericanrevolutionarygovernmentandofficiallydeclaredwaragainstGreatBritain.TheprimarypurposeofthedeclarationwastoassisttheSecondContinentalCongressinobtainingaidfromforeigncountries.ThedocumentalsoclearlyoutlinesthehistoryofabusesthecolonistshadsufferedunderBritishrulesincetheendoftheFrenchandIndianwarin1763.   PriortotheFrenchandIndianwar,thecolonistshadenjoyedoverahundredyearsof"salutaryneglect."Inotherwords,althoughlawswereinplacetomaintainthesubordinatestatusofthecoloniestoGreatBritain,theywereusuallynotenforced.AftertheFrenchandIndianwar,whichincreasedBritain'sshareofNorthAmerica,KingGeorgeIIIandParliamentsoughttoestablishfirmcontroloverthelandnewlyobtainedfromFrance,andtohelppaywardebtsbytaxingthecolonies.Theydidthisbyenactinganumberofactsthateithertaxedthecolonistsorplacedstrictercontrolsontrade.TheselawsincludedtheSugarAct(1764),theStampTax(1765),theTownshendActs(1767),andtheTeaAct(1773).Additionally,ParliamentenactedtheQuarteringAct(1765)whichforcedcoloniststohelppayfortheBritishmilitarystationedinthecolonies.   Colonistsinitiallyprotestedtheseactsthroughpeacefulmeanssuchaspetition,boycott,andcommittees.TheyarguedthatsincetheyhadnorepresentationinParliament,theycouldnotberightfullytaxedbyParliament.Astheirpetitionswererepeatedlyignored,andtaxescontinuallyadded,coloniststurnedtoincreasinglymoredestructiveactions,liketheBostonTeaPartyof1774.InresponsetothisrebelliousactionbytheMassachusettsColony,theKingandParliamentexactedpunishmentthroughlegislationreferredtobycolonistsasthe"IntolerableActs."   TheIntolerableActssparkedthecoloniestocallaninter-colonialcongressforthepurposeofdiscussingaunifiedresponsetotheKingandParliament.ThisFirstContinentalCongress,asitwascalled,metinSeptember1774inPhiladelphia.All13colonieswerepresentexceptforGeorgia.TheCongressdraftedadeclarationclaimingthattheIntolerableActswereunconstitutional,thatthecolonistsretainedthesamecivilrightsasEnglishcitizens,andthattheywouldboycottallEnglishgoodsuntilreconciliationwasreached.Thenegotiationsneverhappened.Instead,tensionscontinuedtomountbetweenthecolonistsandGreatBritain.TheFirstContinentalCongressagreedtomeetagaininMay1775ifnoreconciliationhadbeenreached.AtthisSecondContinentalCongress,allthirteencolonieswerepresent.   Ittook14months,militarymobilization,persuasivepamphleteering,andthefurtherabuseofcolonialrightsbeforeall13coloniesagreedtopursueindependence.Atissuewerepoliticalaswellaspracticalconcerns.Upperclasscoloniststendedtofearthelowerclassgainingtoomuchpowerthroughrevolution.Middleclasscolonistscouldnotaffordtoseetheirbusinessescontinuetodeclineduetotraderestrictions.AllcolonistsresentedthattheKingandParliamentdeniedthemrepresentativegovernmentandtheirci
579范文网(579f.com)汇总了汉语字典,新华字典,成语字典,组词,词语,在线查字典,中文字典,英汉字典,在线字典,康熙字典等等,是学生查询学习资料的好帮手,是老师教学的好助手。
声明:本网站尊重并保护知识产权,根据《信息网络传播权保护条例》,如果我们转载的作品侵犯了您的权利,请在一个月内通知我们,我们会及时删除。
Copyright©2009-2021 579范文网 579f.com 版权所有 闽ICP备18026954号-18